The Gospel of John, The Son from Above. 3:1-36 - читать, скачать

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» The Hebrew for «lift» functions both as status elevation and as execution by hanging in Gen 40 (see Hollis, «Pun») . 5050 E. g., Tob 13: 4, 7; Sir 43: 30; 1QM 14. 16. 5051 Thus Glasson, Moses, 36-38, argues that John presents the cross as a sign here; he does concede, however, that the LXX avoids ύψόω in the clear «ensign» texts. 5052 Xenophon Cyr. 7. 1. 4. 5053 Cf. Braun, «Vie. » Many argue that all Johns ύψόω texts include the resurrection-ascension (Holwerda, Spirit, 9-11; Dibelius, Jesus, 141; Grant, Gnosticism, 173) . Pesiq. Rab.

37: 1, citing a fourth-century Palestinian Amora, depicts God «lifting up» the Messiah to heaven to protect him. 5054 His death is «not … ignominious … but a return to glory» (Nicholson, Death, 163; cf. Hengel, Son, 88) . 5055 E. g., Griffiths, «Deutero-Isaiah, » 360; Lindars, Apologetic, 83, 234; Barrett, John, 214; Bauckham, God Crucified, 64-65. 5056 The later Targum applies Isa 52: 13-53to the Messiah but its sufferings to Israel (Lourença «Targum») . Chilton, «John xii 34, » thinks Tg. Isa. 52preserves an exegesis similar to Johns; Adna, «Herrens, » thinks Tg. Ps. -J.

on Isa 52: 13-53follows a traditional Jewish hermeneutic. 5057 See Grigsby, «Cross. » 5058 Greek literature could also introduce a matter in a somewhat ambiguous manner (e. g.. Agamemnons death in Homer Od. 1. 29-43; 3. 193-194, 234-235) but later clarify with a more detailed description ( Homer Od. 3. 253-312 ) . 5059 In John 3the aorists for «loved» and «gave» bear their usual, punctilear sense (also Evans, «Άγαπάν, » 68) : here the supreme act of love ( Brown, John, 1: 133 ) . 5060 A step beyond Pauls first-born … (Rom. 8. 29) » (Manson, Paul and John 133) . 5061 See comment on 1: 14. Some may overemphasize Aqedah allusions here (e. g., Grigsby. «Cross»; Swetnam, Isaac, 84-85) . 5062 On the syntax in 3yielding «in this way, » see esp. Gundry and Howell, «Syntax. » 5063 Cf. also Hanson, Unity, 138. «Hatred» ( 3: 20 ) was likewise expressed by deliberate repudiation or abandonment of the group ( 1 John 2: 9, 11, 19 ) , not simply a matter of feelings (see Malina and Rohrbaugh, John, 87) . 5064 In some cases the senses tend not to appear theologically significant to the case. Reflecting Hebrew idiom, God could also «give» ( i. e., install or appoint ) a king (1Sam 12: 13; 1 Kgs 1: 48; 2 Chr 2: 11; 9: 8) . 5065 The subject in 3could be the Father; Jesus gift contrasts with that of Jacob in 4: 5, 12 and with that of Moses in 6: 31-32 ( cf. 1: 17; 7: 19, 22 ) . 5066 1: 22; 9: 24; 11: 57; 12: 5; 13: 29; 19: 9. The world «gives» Jesus only blows ( 18: 22; 19: 3 ) . 13may extend the divine predestinarian use of «give» ( e. g., 10: 29 ) to Jesus ( cf. 21: 13 ) , but this is less than absolutely clear. 5067 Deut 1: 8, 20, 25, 36, 39; 2: 12, 29; 3: 12-13, 15-16, 18, 19-20; 4: 1, 21, 40; 5: 16, 31; 6: 3, 10, 23; 7: 13; 8: 10; 9: 6, 23; 10: 11; 11: 9, 17, 21, 31; 12: 1, 9; 13: 12; 15: 4, 7; 16: 5, 18, 20; 17: 2, 14; 18: 9; 19: 1, 2, 8, 10, 14; 20: 14, 16; 21: 1, 23; 24: 4; 25: 15, 19; 26: 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 15; 27: 2-3; 28LXX; 28: 8, 11, 52, 53; 30LXX; 30: 20; 31: 7; 31LXX; 32: 49; 34: 4; cf. 2: 5, 9, 19. This represents a majority of the occurrences of δίδωμι in Deuteronomy (also frequent in Exodus, e. g., 6: 4, 8; 12: 25; 13: 5; 33: 1; and elsewhere) . 5068 E. g., Josephus Ant. 4. 318; notably among the rabbis, who emphasized Torah (Sipre Deut. 32. 5. 10; b. Ber. 5a; Ned. 38a; p. Hag. 3: 5, §1; Exod. Rab. 1: 1; Lev. Rab. 35: 8; Num. Rab. 19: 33) . 5069 Strikingly, moralists could recommend being discriminating in choosing to whom to give gifts; they should not be given randomly to anyone (Seneca Benef. 1. 1. 2) . 5070 Lee, Religion, 53-54. 5071 E. g., Burkert, Religion, 74-75; Ferguson, Backgrounds, 118, 147-48.
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