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Roman Empire

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St. Photios the Great, the Photian Council, and ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... of 879 as the Eighth Ecumenical Council. [55] Dr. David Ford 18 октября 2016 г. Рейтинг: 7. 4 Голосов: 10 Оценка: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 [1] G. Ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State, p. 199; quoted in Bp. Kallistos Ware, The Orthodox Church, revised ed. [1993], p. 52. [2] “Photios, Patriarch of Constantinople, ” in the New Catholic Encyclopedia [1967], vol. 11, p. 327. [3] Ibid. [4] Ibid. [5] Ibid. [6] Despina S. White, Photios [Brookline, Mass. : Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 1981], p. 23; also see pp. 72-73. [7] Ibid. [8] Ibid. pp. 72-73. [9] Ibid. [10] The churches in Germany (the Holy Roman Empire) were especially resistant to being subjected under the authority of the Roman bishop, as is very evident from the story of St. Methodios of Pannonia and Moravia (with his brother St. Cyril, they are known as the Apostles to the Slavs) . [11] Ware, The Orthodox Church, p. 53. [12] Ibid. [13] Ibid. [14] The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 2nd ed., p. 1087. [15] Ware, p. 54. [16] Ibid., p. 53. [17] The Christian Centuries [New York: Paulist Press, 1969], vol. 2, pp. 78-79; my emphasis. [18] PG 110. 1048ff; English translation by Despina S. White and Joseph R. Berrigan, ... далее ...
The “Possessors” and “Non-Possessors”: to Have, ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... former monastic lands. Danish monastic life was to vanish in a way identical to that of Sweden. In Switzerland, too, monasteries came under threat. In 1523 the government of the city-state of Zurich pressured nuns to leave their monasteries and marry, and followed up the next year by dissolving all monasteries in its territory, under the pretext of using their revenues to fund education and help the poor. The city of Basel followed suit in 1529 and Geneva adopted the same policy in 1530. An attempt was also made in 1530 to dissolve the famous Abbey of St. Gall, which was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in its own right, but this failed, and St. Gall has survived. Ruins of the Abbey Church, Rievaulx Abbey, Laskill, North Yorkshire, confiscated and closed under King Henry VIII of England. Photo: Wikipedia Perhaps St. Joseph and his followers were foreseeing a danger that could also spread to Russia if it were not stopped. And this is probably how the conflict of the possessors and non-possessors became relevant in the struggle against heresy in the still relatively isolated northern realm. St. Nilus’s disciple, Vassian Kosoi, came out for the confiscation of Church properties ... далее ...
Saint Alban of Verulamium, Protomartyr of Britain ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... calls Alban “fertile Britain’s fruit”. Perhaps this accounts for the early popular veneration of St. Alban in Gaul. He is also mentioned in three early historical documents. However, we find the most detailed and authentic account of St. Alban’s martyrdom in the famous and important work by 284 years after the incarnation of Christ, a pagan named Diocletian became Roman Emperor. For twenty years he ruled as a ruthless tyrant and ordered Christians everywhere to be killed. The persecutions were at their most savage in 303-305. The brutal persecutions of Christians took place throughout the Roman Empire, reaching even faraway Britain. By that time in other lands many martyrs had already given their lives for Christ. The first martyr who laid down his life for Christ in Britain was the glorious Martyr Alban. By the year 305, the bloody persecutions of the impious Diocletian had reached Britain and the murderers with frenzied brutality seized Christians throughout the island. One priest managed to flee from the persecutors. In his flight he saw a house where a man called Alban lived. He knocked on the door, seeking shelter from the merciless pursuers. Though Alban had not yet been ... далее ...
St. John the Baptist Relics Ended Up in ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... one of the great generals of the Roman Republic, captured the city, seized the statue as a trophy, and had it transported to Rome, and installed on one of the historic hills of the Roman capital. According to different ancient authors, the Apollo statue was installed either on the Palatine Hill or on the Capitoline Hill in Rome, and stood there for another 400 years, until the Late Antiquity, giving the “Colossus of Apollonia " a combined lifespan of some 800 years. It is said to have been destroyed by Christians outraged by its nudity after Christianity became the official religion in the Roman Empire in the 4th century AD. A 2011 collage showing what the 13-meter-tall Colossus of Apollonia might have looked like Here it is shown on the St. Cyricus Island (today a peninsula) in Bulgaria’s Sozopol. The St. Ivan Island where the relics of St. John the Baptist were found is visible in the background. Photo: e-vestnik While the Apollo statue was taken from Sozopol to Rome in the 1st century BC, the polis of Apollonia Pontica is also known to have had a large temple dedicated to Apollo. According to Popkonstantinov’s newly voiced hypothesis as to why Sozopol was picked to host ... далее ...
Bibliography: Вспомогательные дисциплины : ...Искать в Источникеbogoslov.ru
... субъектов права (которые свободны и равны) и субъектов морали (каждый из которых имеет свои особенности) . Through the Eye of a Needle: Wealth, the Fall of Rome, and the Making of Christianity in the West, 350-550 AD (Bibliographical information) 2012 Jesus taught his followers that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven. Yet by the fall of Rome, the church was becoming rich beyond measure. Through the Eye of a Needle is a sweeping intellectual and social history of the vexing problem of wealth in Christianity in the waning days of the Roman Empire, written by the worlds foremost scholar of late antiquity. Peter Brown examines the rise of the church through the lens of money and the challenges it posed to an institution that espoused the virtue of poverty and called avarice the root of all evil. Иисус учил своих последователей, что легче верблюду пройти через игольное ушко, нежели богатому войти в Царство Небесное. Тем не менее, ко времени падения Рима, Церковь стала богатой сверх меры. «Сквозь Игольное Ушко» - это развернутая интеллектуальная и социальная история неприятной темы наличия богатства в христианстве в ... далее ...
Статья: (Анти) клерикальный дискурс и алетургия: ...Искать в Источникеbogoslov.ru
... pp. 105–112. Janine Ribeiro, Renato (2000) , “Thomas Hobbes o la paz contra el clero”, Boron, A. (ed.) La filosofía política moderna. De Hobbes a Marx, CLACSO, Buenos Aires, pp. 17–40. Janowski, Zbigniew (2000) , “Is Descartes Conception of the Soul Orthodox? ”, Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, No. 1 (2000) , pp. 39–55. Jones, Richard (1961) , Ancients and Moderns: A Study of the Rise of the Scientific Movement in Seventeenth Century England, Washington University Studies, St. Louis (2 ed.) . Lewy, Hans (2011) , Chaldaean Oracles and Theurgy. Mysticism Magic and Platonism in the Later Roman Empire, Études Augustiniennes, Paris (3ème ed.) . Marx-Wolf, Heidi (2009) Platonists and high priests: Daemonology, ritual and social order in the third century CE, PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 2009. Marx-Wolf, Hiedi (2010) , “High Priests of the Highest God: Third Century Platonists as Ritual Experts”, Journal of Early Christian Studies, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 481–513. Merton, Robert (1938) , “Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth Century England”, Osiris, Vol. 4, pp. 360-632. Morrow, Glenn (1953) , “Platos Conception of Persuasion”, The ... далее ...
«Подобно островам в бушующем море...» ...Искать в Источникеbogoslov.ru
... 9 ) : «Сей предмет мне представляется заслуживающим размышления, прежде всего, по причине большого числа тех, которых можно упустить из виду; ведь проверке подлежат и будут еще в ней нуждаться многочисленные приверженцы всех возрастов и слоев, обоих полов, ибо чума сего суеверия разнеслась не только по городам, но и по деревням и долинам» – нем. перевод: Adolf Martin Ritter, Alte Kirche, KThGQ 1, Neukirchen 7 2002, 15. По поводу этого письма, многократно обсуждавшегося в науке, а также по поводуответа императора Траяна см. Jakob Engberg, Impulsore Chresto. Opposition to Christianity in the Roman Empire c. 50–250 AD, ECCA 2, Frankfurt 2007, 173–206 (Lit!) . [11] Плиний Младший, Послания ( ep. 10, 96, 9f. ) : «И все же мне кажется возможным их оттеснить, искоренить. В одном я уверен: покинутые храмы вновь наполняются, ежедневные жертвы, течение которых было надолго прервано, возобновлены, а мясо жертвенных животных, на которое едва находился покупатель, вновь приносит прибыль» (нем. перевод: Ritter, Alte Kirche [см. прим. 10], 15) . – Экономические факторы, игравшие в связи с распространением христианства, по всей видимости, далеко не последнюю роль для местной религии, ... далее ...
The Real England: A Tribute to the Saints of ...Искать в Источникеbogoslov.ru
... wood and thatch, not in the marsh but near the Thames in contact with London. His sister is the nun Æthelburh or Ethelburga, meaning ‘noble fortress’. Her brother’s name, meaning ‘truly brave’, is Eorcenwald. Erkenwald is an East Anglian nobleman, possibly of royal blood. As an East Angle, he comes of a people recently converted to the Christian faith. Only in the last years of the previous century did Gregory the Dialogist, Pope of Rome and author of our Divine Liturgy of Presanctified Gifts, send Bishop Augustine to convert the Germanic pagans on the far frontier islands of the historic Roman Empire. Only sixty years ago, Bishop Mellitus began preaching to the East Saxons. The task of converting them, taken up by Bishop Cedd from the north, is still underway when Abbot Erkenwald builds his monastery. Already abbot of a small men’s monastery on the isle of Chertsey in the Thames, Erkenwald is intent on creating a ‘double monastery’ where the monks and the nuns live separately, under the spiritual rule of his sister Ethelburga. On land probably belonging to his family, Erkenwald soon becomes spiritual father of the community while Abbess Ethelburga governs its affairs. The ... далее ...
Глава I. Византийские исследования ...Искать в Источникеbogoslov.ru
... Constable, G. 1982. People and Power in Byzantium: An Introduction to Modern Byzantine Studies (Washington, DC) . [47] См., например: Stone, L. 1991. ‘Notes. History and post-modernism, Past and Present 131: 217-18; Joyce, P. 1991. ‘History and Post-Modernism I, Past and Present 133: 204-9; Kelly, C. 1991. ‘History and Post-Modernism II, Past and Present 133: 209-13. [48] Treadgold, W. 1997. A History of the Byzantine State and Society (Stanford) ; Haldon, J. F. 2000. Byzantium: A History (Stroud) ; Gregory, T. E. 2005. A History of Byzantium (Oxford) ; Mitchell, S. 2007. A History of the Roman Empire, A. D. 284-641 (Oxford) ; Cameron, A. M. 2007. The Byzantines (Oxford) . [49] Cameron, A. M. 1991. Christianity and the Rhetoric of Empire: The Development of Christian Discourse (Berkeley) ; Mullett, M. 1997. Theophylact of Ochrid: Reading the Letters of a Byzantine Archbishop (Aldershot) . [50] Brown, P. 1971. The World of Late Antiquity (London) ; Idem. 1981. The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago) . [51] Kazhdan, A. 1974. Socialnyj sostav gospodstvujuscego klassa v Vizantii XI-XII vv. (Moscow) . [52] McCormick, M. 1998. ‘Bateaux de vie, ... далее ...
Orthodox Christianity in Southern Italy. Part 1 / ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... Graecia, ” were for centuries a hearth of Orthodox culture, strongly dominated by Orthodox monasticism. Prior to and even for a short time after the Schism of the Latin Church (a. d. 1054) , Southern Italy was a land of Orthodox saints. The entire Church tradition of the Orthodox East was strongly championed in this region. The span of about seven centuries within which Byzantine civilization and monasticism flourished in Southern Italy can be divided into three historical periods: the Byzantine period, the Saracen (Arab) domination, and the Norman conquest. 2. The Byzantines in Italy The Roman Empire was divided into western and eastern portions during the reign of the pagan emperor Diocletian (284–305) . By 325 St. Constantine, the first Christian emperor, had defeated his pagan opponents and unified the empire. For strategic reasons he moved his capital from Rome to the ancient city of Byzantium in 330, renaming it Constantinople and designating it as the “New Rome. The empire was split again into eastern and western halves by Constantine’s sons. It was reunified under Emperor Theodosius I in 394, but after his death it was again split, this time permanently. The Roman ... далее ...
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