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Byzantine Empire

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Islam: Through the heart and mind of a convert to ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... Through the heart and mind of a convert to Orthodox Christianity, Part 1 Kevin Allen In this two-part interview originally appearing on Ancient Faith Radio, Kevin Allen of the " Ancient Faith Today " podcast interviewed " George " who became a Sunni Muslim at age fourteen and studied to become an Imam at a madrasa, studying the Quran, Arabic language, Islamic theology, hadith, and jurisprudence. He left Islam and became an Orthodox Christian twenty years later. Among other things, Kevin and his guest discuss Islamic theology, common misunderstandings of Christianity by Muslims, differences between " orthodox " Islam and the Nation of Islam, the true understanding and practice in Islam of slavery and jihad, and the extraordinary journey that led " George " to Orthodox Christianity. —Welcome and thank you for joining me on this edition of Ancient Faith Today. There is a lot coming from the media and news about Islam these days. In this two-part series of which this is part one, I will be discussing Islam and the personal experiences of a recent convert to the Eastern Orthodox Church. My guest converted to Islam at the age of fourteen and twenty years or so later ... далее ...
5 Middle East Churches That Could Cease to Exist ...Искать в Источникеpravmir.com
... of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Old City, April 9, 2015, ahead of Orthodox Easter. The city flourished as a Christian hub until Arabs conquered the city in A. D. 637. During this period, Christian monasteries and churches were destroyed while much of the population converted to Islam. European Crusaders took back the land in 1099 and appointed a Latin patriarch. But when Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria reconquered Jerusalem in 1187, the Latin patriarch serving at that time fled. The Ottoman Turks took control of the city in 1516 and Constantinople, the former capital of the Byzantine Empire, re-established itself in Jerusalem, which led to the selection of Greek patriarchs in the region. Today, the Orthodox Church controls many of the holy sites in Jerusalem. Patriarch His Beatitude Theosophilos III has headed the church since 2005 and he resides in Jerusalem where he oversees the affairs of the church’s 130, 000 members. 4. Melkites (Melkite Greek Catholic Church) The Melkite Greek Catholic Church was originally comprised of Christians from Alexandria, Antioch and Syria that complied with the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon in A. D. 451. The ... далее ...
И.С. Чичуров. Политическая идеология ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... вторая. Византийская идеология IX—XI вв. (от «политической ортодоксии» к аристократизации политической мысли) . Как было показано в предыдущем разделе, спад городской (особенно культурной) жизни в империи, выдвижение монашества на позиции интеллектуальной элиты, определяющей систему ценностей византийского общества, отразились на развитии представлений о социальной роли императора таким образом, что парадигма идеального императора и ее теоретическое обоснование утратили традиционные черты (интеллектуальные и полководческие достоинства) , вытесненные приобретшими первостепенное значение конфессиональными (прежде всего благочестие) признаками императорской власти. Современное византиноведение довольно точно датирует период, начиная с которого происходит постепенная активизация экономической, политической, культурной деятельности в Византии. На середину — вторую половину IX в. приходится экономическое возрождение византийского города 1, повлекшее за собой усиление культурной и творческой активности: даже скептики не пытаются отрицать создание в 50-е годы IX в. школы кесаря Варды как факт преодоления культурного застоя 2, а об оживлении интереса к собиранию, переписыванию, ... далее ...
Newly Found Basilica Sheds Light on Unknown ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... thelegendary Ancient Thracian city Zikideva – even though a recent hypothesis claims that Zikideva was in fact located in the nearby fortress Rahovets. An Ancient Bulgar settlement was built on theTsarevets Hill in the 9th century AD, during the First Bulgarian Empire ( 632 680-1018 AD ) which later grew into a city. The Tsarevets Hill rose to prominence as the center of the Second Bulgarian Empire ( 1185-1396 AD ) in 1187, after the successful Uprising of Asen and Petar, later Tsar Asen I ( r. 1190-1195 AD ) and Tsar Petar IV ( r. 1185-1197 ) , who ruled as co-emperors, against the Byzantine Empire in 1185-1186 AD. Thus, the construction of the Tsarevets Hill Fortress began in the 12th century AD. The total length of the Tsarevets Hill fortress wall is 1, 1 km, and it reaches a height of 10 meters (on top of the natural defenses of the hill’s slopes) and a width of 2. 4-3. 6 meters. The most vulnerable point of the Tsarevets fortification was the southeast section with its gate; however, it was protected by the so called Baldwin’s Tower because it is known that after defeating the Crusader knights from the 3rd Crusade in the Battle of Adrianople in 1205 AD, the ... далее ...
Russia has long history with Orthodox ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... double-headed eagle is the symbol of the Byzantine Empire, and that symbol carried through to Russia. One eagle represents church, and one the state. The symbol shows the synergy between both. Then, as now, there have been both benefits and drawbacks to such rule. And still, even though our country is founded in opposition to such a principle ( we have a one-headed eagle ) , it was the way of the Roman and Byzantine Empires for more than 1, 000 years, until 1453. Similarly, church and state have long been linked in Russia. Perhaps it is the persistence of the double-headed eagle that Americans find so puzzling about Russia. Knowing these things, as an American Orthodox priest, one whose Christianity is the same as Russia s, Nancy Folbre s Dec. 23 column in the New York Times, " President Putin s Patriarchal Games, " caught my eye. Her politico-religio-social commentary, thinly veiled in an article about the Olympics, was laced with accusations against Russia, her Orthodox church and her president, Vladimir Putin: bribery, power, coercion, environmental corruption and abuse against women. She found it impossible to avoid the tired references to Putin s former KGB ... далее ...
Russia's Orthodox Soft Power / Православие.RuИскать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... the Church s chief decision-making body. One of these capitals is Kiev. It is interesting to note that archpriest Evgeny (Maksimenko) , a cleric of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, has called upon the patriarch to take the next logical step and move the seat of the Patriarchate of Rus from Moscow back to Kiev. 22 Christianity, says the patriarch, does not seeks to destroy that which is unique in each nation, but rather to motivate local cultures toward greater appreciation of Christianity s transcendent meaning. Long ago, the ideal Orthodox society was the Byzantine Empire. 23 Today, in the context of national sovereignty, however, Orthodoxy proposes itself as a spiritual complement to national sovereignty, and a harmonizing resource in a globalizing world. 24 Kirill has said that this same principle can be found in the European Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States. 25 But while the Church respects state sovereignty, it takes no position on its merits. Nation-states are neither good nor bad, but merely the current framework within which God intends the Church to accomplish the restoration of Holy Rus. It is therefore the ... далее ...
BBC News' 'Ottomans Europe's Muslim Emperors': ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... News Ottomans Europes Muslim Emperors: Putting a Positive Spin on Conquest Source: Breitbart Tonight ( Saturday, Aug. 9 ) , cable channel BBC World News premieres the three-part series The Ottomans: Europe s Muslim Emperors, which aired last fall in the U. K. (If you don t have BBC World News on your cable system, the series is available on iTunes and on DVD.) While it s not exactly a whitewash of the invasion into Europe of Muslims from Turkey, and the subsequent centuries-long occupation, it s not a condemnation either. As the U. K. Catholic Herald wondered at the time of the show s premiere: The title of the series tries to sneak in a rather contentious point as a given-- s Muslim Emperors. Some mistake, surely? While large swathes of Europe did fall under Ottoman rule, for centuries this rule was deeply resented, and the powers of Europe, or at least most of them, did their best to expel the invader. Even if the Ottoman Turks may have ruled parts of Europe, their civilisation was not European, but Asiatic. As someone once said, Turkey has always represented a different continent, in permanent contrast to Europe. It would make sense to describe the Turkish Sultans not as ... далее ...
The East-West Separation / Православие.RuИскать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... concept of equal authority among the five major patriarchal sees (Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch) was profoundly wounded and contested. Of course, just like the siege of Zara (today Zadar, in Croatia, another Christian city captured by the same crusaders in 1202) , the Western knights’ invasion of Constantinople was considered by the West to be a passing event (related to the replacement on the Byzantine throne of the legitimate ruler, Isaac Angelos II) before the liberation of the Holy Land. Instead, the event became permanent and led to the disintegration of the Byzantine Empire. Therefore, Greek and Eastern historiography’s reproaches are aimed not so much at the invasion of the “Latins” into the city of Constantine the Great as to imposing a Western rule, both laic and ecclesiastical, in Byzantium. Section 6. 3: The politics of Innocent III (and of his successors) : the placement of the Eastern Church under the Church of Rome. Pope Innocent III’s politics toward the Byzantine Church (and the East in general) were fashioned step-by-step, while the events were unfolding at the beginning of thirteenth century. Initially, the crusaders, almost ... далее ...
Le Patriarche Cyrille de Moscou et de toute la ...Искать в Источникеmospat.ru
... Philarète (Boulekov) , vice-président du Département des relations ecclésiastiques extérieures du Patriarcat de Moscou et l’archiprêtre Serguiy Zvonariov, secrétaire du DREE aux affaires de l’étranger lointain prenaient part à la rencontre. Pour le Conseil de l’Europe étaient également présents le chef du secrétariat du secrétaire général du Conseil de l’Europe Bjorn Berge et d’autres personnalités du Conseil de l’Europe. Le ministère des Affaires étrangères russe était représenté par A. Alexeev la Douma d’état par V. Levitsky, adjoint au chef de la Direction de la collaboration internationale. S’adressant au secrétaire général du Conseil de l’Europe, le Patriarche a dit: « La dernière fois, nous avions abordé ensemble la question importante de la dignité, des droits et de la liberté de l’homme. J’aimerais dire que l’Église russe continue à placer ce thème au centre de ses préoccupations pour deux raisons. La première tient à notre patrimoine: nous avons pu nous convaincre par expérience tout au long du XX siècle qu’il est dangereux de violer les droits de l’homme et les libertés religieuses. L’histoire des relations de l’Église orthodoxe russe avec le pouvoir de ... далее ...
Archaeologists Discover 10th Century Church, ...Искать в Источникеpravoslavie.ru
... local news site Ruse Info. The First Bulgarian Empire formally adopted Christianity as a state religion in 865 AD from Byzantium, after a protracted battle between Rome and Constantinople over who would convert the Bulgarians. In 870 AD, the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church was granted the rank of Archbishop. In 917 AD, following his overwhelming defeat of the Byzantines in the Battle of Anchialos, the Bulgarian Tsar Simeon I the Great ( r. 893-927 AD ) is believed to have declared the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church a Patriarch. The title, however, was recognized by the Byzantine Empire after Tsar Simeon’s death in 927 AD, under his son, St. Tsar Petar I ( r. 927-969 AD ) . A sketch of the unearthed foundations of the 10th-11th century church and the necropolis. Photo: Ruse Info The newly discovered temple is a three-nave church; it is located next to an identical church which had been found earlier; the two temples functioned during almost the same time period. Medieval Drastar was dotted with palaces and churches, many of them from the period of the First Bulgarian Empire ( 632 680-1018 ) ; the 2015 rescue excavations also led to the discoveries of ... далее ...
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